Fireworks Standards(British)

     British standard

     In 1988 there was published in the UK a British Standard(number 7114(72))which defines the performance and labeling requirements for those items considered safe for use by the general public in the UK.The standard itself is in 3 parts:

     Part 1 – Classification of fireworks

     Part 2 – Specification for fireworks

     Part 3 – Methods of test for fireworks

     Table 8.1 shows the standard 3 categories of fireworks suitable for use by the general public.

                          Table 8.1 British Standard

Category Definition Fireworks General Requirements
1 Fireworks suitable for use

Inside domestic buildings

(generally)known as indoor

fireworks

Cap,

Smoke devices,

Party poppers,

Table bomb,

Throw down,

Novelty match,

Non-hand-held sparkler,

Hand-held sparkler,

Cracker snap,

Serpent.

Performance must comply

 With the standard

(diverse-depending on

Type).

Correct labeling for each ]

Item.

Item specific details are maximum weight.

In general(except sparklers)

No items should be

Hand-held.

Batch testing of

Construction, labeling

And performance.

2 Fireworks suitable for

Outdoor use in relatively

Confined areas(generally)

Known as garden

Fireworks

Banger,

Fountain,

Roman candle,

Mine,

Wheel,

Rocket,

Non-hand-held sparkler,

Hand-held-sparkler,

Combination.

No lit debris outside 3m,

Below 3m

(recommended viewing

Distance 5m).

Fuse time between 3 and 13

Second.

Correct labeling for each

Item.

Item specific details are

Maximum weight, caliber

Etc.

In general(except sparklers)

No items should be hand-held.

Batch testing of

Construction, labeling and

Performance.

3 Fireworks suitable for

Outdoor use in large open

Spaces(generally known as

Display fireworks)

Banger,

Fountain,

Roman candle,

Mine,

Wheel,

Rocket,

Non-hand-held sparkler,

Shell,

Shell-in-mortar,

Combination.

No lit debris outside 20m

Below 3m(minimum

Viewing distance 25m).

Fuse time between 5 and 15 seconds.

Correct labeling for each item.

Item specific details are

Maximum weight, caliber

Etc.

Batch testing of

Construction, labeling

And performance.

         

 

   In this manner, for instance, fountains without the correct fusing or labeling are deemed Category 4,even though their performance is very limited it is incorrect to assume that all category 4 fireworks are by”definition”larger,more powerful items than would be permitted for sale to the general public.Fireworks that do not conform to the requirements of categories 1,2 or 3 are deemed to be category 4 and thus unsuitable for sale to the public.

   Each”batch”of fireworks needs to be tested for compliance with the standard. A sample(the number is determined according to BS 6001)is tested for both performance and construction criteria.If the sample fails then whole batch in deemed to have failed and must be re-tested prior to sale to the general public.

   The British standard has undergone some modification since 1988.And in 1966 certain items were banned from sale to the general public even though they meet the requirements of the standard as a result of the firework safety regulations.

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